Homeowners Guide for HVAC Systems

When your heating or cooling system breaks and you need to install a new one, deciding on a replacement can be difficult — especially given how many HVAC systems are available. However, understanding how heating and air conditioning units differ from each other can make the selection process much easier. 

If you’re in the market for a new heating and cooling system or simply want to learn more about them, our HVAC system guide will have the information you need to make an informed decision.

Heating Systems

Heating systems play a central role in maintaining comfort during the colder months of the year. The most common types include forced air systems and boilers that heat water for steam radiators, which are also known as radiant heat systems.

Choosing the right one for your home depends on various factors such as climate, energy efficiency, and home size. For instance, in colder regions, a boiler or a forced air system might be more effective. Consulting with an HVAC technician who can assess your heating and cooling needs ensures that you can find an HVAC unit that satisfies your particular needs.

Air Conditioning Systems

Air conditioning systems are integral to HVAC units — especially in warmer climates. The main types include central air conditioner systems and window air conditioners. Central air conditioners are ideal for cooling larger homes uniformly, while window units are more suitable for single rooms or smaller spaces.

Whether central air conditioning or window-based systems are best for you depends on factors like the size of the home, the existing ductwork, and energy efficiency concerns. Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) ratings are a key factor in determining the energy efficiency of an air conditioning unit — helping homeowners reduce energy consumption and improve indoor air quality.


Mini-splits are a versatile type of ductless air conditioning and heating system. They consist of an outdoor unit and one or more indoor units, providing direct heating and cooling to specific areas. A mini-split system is particularly appropriate for homes without existing ductwork, smaller residences, or spaces where adding ductwork is impractical. Their installation is less invasive, and they offer the advantage of zoned temperature control.

This means homeowners can heat or cool individual rooms as needed, which makes them more energy efficient. Additionally, mini-splits can improve indoor air quality by avoiding the dust and allergens often associated with traditional air ducts.

Heat Pumps

Heat pump systems provide both heating and cooling, and the primary types are air-source heat pumps and hybrid split systems. Air source heat pumps transfer warm or cool air between the inside and outside of the home, making them suitable for moderate climates. Hybrid split systems combine the efficiency of heat pumps with the power of natural gas furnaces, offering a cost-effective solution in regions with larger temperature swings. 

When selecting a heat pump system, you should consider factors like climate, energy efficiency requirements, and initial installation costs. The Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE) and SEER ratings are important metrics to gauge a system’s energy usage and overall efficiency, guiding the decision for a new HVAC system.

For Professional HVAC System Services, Call Fiscor Heating & Cooling Today

If you’re interested in a new heating and air conditioning system, you’ve come to the right place. At Fiscor Heating & Cooling, we offer heating and AC replacements to ensure that your home can stay comfortable no matter the season. Give us a call today to learn more and to schedule a service for your home.

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